Senator Patrick Toomey (R-PA) introduced S.3347 to the Senate on December 8, 2021. It was then referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs. The act requires the State Department to annually report on the state of human rights and rule of law inside Iran, and to assess the targeting of dissidents in Iran and abroad by the Iranian government and how this is funded. The act would also impose mandatory sanctions on agents and affiliates of the Iranian government involved in the surveillance, harassment, kidnapping, or assassination of Iranian or U.S. citizens who critique the Iranian government. This would include authorizing secondary sanctions on financial institutions engaging with such agents working on behalf of the Iranian state.