S.1605 became law on December 27, 2021. In reference to Iran, the Act posits:
- As a part of bimonthly reports on oversight in Afghanistan, the Secretary of Defense must detail any military cooperation between the Taliban and Iran.
- The Act prohibits any amounts appropriated by the Act or made available to the Department of Defense to be transferred or to facilitate a transfer of pallets of currency, currency, or other items of value to the Government of Iran, or any subsidiary or agent of Iran.
- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit a report detailing the advancements in military capabilities of Iran, including weapons supply, missiles, and support to militias. This report should also include an assessment of the impact of the imposition or reversal of unilateral U.S. economic sanctions on Iran’s army and backed militias in Iraq that have committed violations against Iraqi civilians and threatened U.S. personnel and partners in Iraq and the Middle East.
- The Act declares that it is the sense of Congress that Iran’s decision to enrich uranium up to 60% purity further escalates and shortens the breakout time to produce enough highly enriched uranium to develop a nuclear weapon, and that Iran should immediately abandon any pursuit of a nuclear weapon.
- The Act requires the Secretary of Defense to submit an annual report on the military and security developments involving the People’s Republic of China, including a subsection on any relations between the People’s Republic of China and Iran with respect to any security and military matters.
- The Act requires the DoD officials to conduct an assessment, within one year of the enactment of the Act, on the cyber posture of adversaries and operational assumptions of the United States Government, including a country-specific access strategy for the Islamic Republic of Iran.